Waiting for children to visit is their greatest source of spiritual support
等儿女看望成最大精神支撑 Děng ér-nǚ kànwàng chéng zuìdà jīngshén zhīchēng
Around the holidays, quite a few volunteer teams arrive at the old folks home to comfort the elderly; they bring fresh flowers and fruit, warmth and compassion to old people who have no one to rely on, and they are greeted by the smiles of the elderly. But those kinds of days are rare; when there is no such "comforting," how do these old people get by?
Jié-jiàrì qiánhòu, huì yǒu bùshǎo dānwèi, zhìyuànzhě tuánduì dào yánglǎo jīgòu wèiwèn, tāmen dàizhe xiānhuā hé shuíguǒ, wēnnuǎn huo àixīn kànwàng nàxiē niánmài wúyī de lǎrén, lǎorénmen yòng zìjǐ de xiàoróng yíngjiē tāmen de dàolái. Dàn zhèyàng de rìzi bìjìng hěn shǎo, zài méiyǒu "wèiwèn" de píngcháng rìzi lǐ, lǎorénmen shì zěnme shēnghuó de ne?
[Photo: When "Auntie" Shan is not busy, she goes on the web and watches soap operas or plays games
单大妈没事的时候就上网看电视剧、玩游戏 Shān dàmā méishì de shíhou jiù shàngwǎng kàn diànshìjù, wán yóuxì]
On October 23, a routine day, the reporter conducted interviews at several homes for old folks in Luoyang (Henan province), to investigate the conditions for everyday life for the elderly.
10 yuè 23 rì, yí gè xúncháng de rìzi, jìzhě zóufǎng le Luòyáng jǐ jiā yánglǎo jīgòu, tànfǎng lǎorénmen de rìcháng shēnghuó zhuàngtài.
Elderly people sit around in small groups, wait for dinner, wait for bedtime, look forward to visits by their children. What else can they do but wait? Their eyes are bad, their hearing is not good, their joints are stiff, and they don't have much physical energy. In the past they raised sons and daughters who, like them, could not eat, play or move by themselves, and these days, they cannot move about, and for various reasons have left their homes, and have come here.
Lǎorénmen sānsānliǎngliǎng zuò zài yángguāng lǐ，děngdài chīfàn, děngdài shuìjiào, děngdài zínǚ lái tànwàng. Chúle děngdài, tāmen hái néng zuò shénme ne? Yǎnjing huāle, ěrduo lóngle, guānjié jiāngle, lián lìqi yě méiyǒu le. Tāmen céngjīng yǎngyùzhe tóngyàng bùnéng zìjǐ chī, zìjǐ wán, zìjǐ dòng de ér-nǚ, rújīn, tāmen bùnéng dòng le, què yīnwèi zhọ̌ngzhǒng yuányīn, líkāi jiātíng, láidào zhèlǐ.
Fashionable "Auntie" Shan sings, goes on the web and has video chats with her daughter, who's gone abroad.
Shíshàng de Shàn dàmā chànggē, shàngwǎng, hái huì hé guówài nǚ'ér shìpín liáotiān
Before retiring, eighty-year-old Shan Yeping worked at the management office of the Luhun reservoir (in Luoyang); in her youth she was the artistic backbone of the workplace; she loved to sing. When she was older, Auntie Shan suffered a dislocated disk and had surgery a few times, now it's difficult for her to move about, and she can't travel. Two years ago, her daughter went to the US, and she moved to these apartments for the elderly.
80 suì de Shàn Yèpíng lǎorén tuìxiū qián shì Lùhún shuǐkù guánlǐjú de gōngzuò rényuán, niánqīng shí shì dānwèi de yìshù gǔgàn, xǐhào chànggē. Shàngle niánjì hòu, Shàn dàmā huànle yāozhuī jiānpán tūchū zhèng, zuòguò jǐ cì shǒushù, rújīn xíngdòng búbiàn, bùnéng yuǎnxíng. Liǎng nián qián, nǚ'ér qùle měiguó, tā biàn zhùjìn lǎonián gōngyù.
After she came to live here, Auntie Shan noticed a lot of old people were idle and had nothing to do, or were sitting around in small groups talking too much, and it was easy for someone to fly into a rage, so she decided everyone should sing, to enrich their lives and exercise their lungs.
Zhùjìn lái yǐhòu, Shàn dàmā kàndào bùshǎo lǎorén xiánzhe méishì, zuò zài yìqǐ xiánhuà shuōduō le hái róngyì "nào qì," biàn juédìng dàizhe dàjiā chànggē, jì fēngfù shēnghuó, yòu néng duànliàn fèihuóliàng.
Every morning at 8 a.m., about seven or eight old people follow along with Auntie Shan in practicing singing, sometimes between ten and twenty people join, and they all sing for half an hour. Auntie Shan is very attentive, she arranges the lyrics for the songs, prints them out, puts a copy in everyone's hands. Some of the elderly are illiterate, but they do their best by squinting to identify words, and in this way they learn to sing and learn to read.
Měitiān shàngwǔ 8 diǎn, qī-bá wèi lǎorén gēnzhe Shàn dàmā liàn gē, rén duō shí yǒushí jǐ gè, měicì chàng bàn gè xiǎoshí. Shàn dàmā hěn xìxīn, bǎ lǎo gē gēcí zhénglǐ hǎo, dǎyìn chūlái, rén shǒu yí fèn. Yǒuxiē lǎorén bù shí zì, dàn háishì mīzhe yǎn, nǔlìdì biànshízhe, biān xué chànggē biān shízì.
A few of the old people have lost all their teeth, so they can't sing the words clearly; some songs sound like spoken parts in opera, and there's a mix of northern and southern accents, there are all kinds of sounds. "Anything goes, this isn't a singing contest," says Auntie Shan, "Getting together is a way of passing time for these old folks."
Zài zhèxiē lǎorén zhōngjiān, yǒu yáchǐ diào guāng de, chànggē "pǎo fēng" yǒu chànggē jiù xiàng niànbái, nánqiāngběidiào, shá shēngyīn dōuyǒu. "Zhè yǒu shá, yòu búshì gē yǒng bǐsài." Shàn dàmā shuō, "Lǎorénmen jù zài yìqǐ, jiù tú gè xiāomó shíjiān."
The old people who are healthy are able to sing; the others act as the audience; they are unable to sing along, but they sit in their wheelchairs and listen attentively, sometimes they hum along with the melodies, or use their frail hands to tap out a beat.
Néng chànggē de lǎorén shì shǔyú "jiàn kāng" de, hái yǒuxiē lǎorén shì zhuānzhí tīngzhòng, tāmen wúfǎ gēnzhe gēchàng, dàn tāmen zuò zài lúnyǐ shàng, yīrán tīng dé rènzhēn, gēnzhe qǔdiào hēngzhe, yòng chànwēiwēi de shǒu dǎzháo jiépāi.
Shan Yeping has a cell phone, she keeps it very clean and hangs it on a chain of woven red silk with jade, "These days few people call, but it serves very well as an alarm clock," Auntie Shan says.
Shàn Yèpíng yǒu gè shǒujī, dǎlǐ dé gāngānjìng jìng, guàzhe hóngsè sīxiàn hé yùshí biānzhī de shǒujī liàn, "Xiànzài yě méi shá rén gěi wǒ dǎdiànhuà, názhe dāng gè nàozhōng yě búcuò." Shàn dàmā shuō.
Recently, Auntie Shan relied on her daughter's friend to buy her a laptop computer, and the staff at the apartments helped her get onto the Internet. So Auntie Shan's life has been enriched, and when there is nothing to do, she can go on the web and watch films, or play cards, and on weekends she is able to talk to her daughter.
Qiánbùjiǔ, Shàn dàmā tuō nǚ'ér de péngyou mǎile yì tái bǐjìběn diànnǎo, gōngyù guánlǐyuán bāng tā chěle wǎngxiàn. Shàn dàmā de shēnghuó gèngjiā fēngfù le, méishì shàngwǎng kàn diànyǐng, wán zhǐpái yóuxì, zhōumò hái néng hé nǚ'ér shìpín liáotiān.
"The other old people must envy you, right?"
“其他老人都很羡慕您吧？” "Qítā lǎorén dōu hěn xiànmù nín ba?"
"How could they not? They all say, this 80-year-old is still going at it," says Auntie Shan, laughing. "Going on the computer stimulates my interest in life; otherwise, I'd be bored to death."
“可不是？都说80岁的人了，还鼓捣这个。”单大妈笑着说，“弄个电脑，增加点生活情趣，要不然可没意思。” "Kě bú shì？Dōu shuō 80 suì de rén le, hái gǔdǎo zhè ge." Shàn dàmā xiàozhe shuō, "Nòng gè diànnǎo, zēngjiā diǎn shēnghuó qíngqù, yàobùrán kě méi yìsi."
"Why didn't you go to America with your daughter?"
“为啥不跟着女儿到美国去？” "Wèishá bù gēnzhe nǚ'ér dào Měiguó qù?"
"I don't want to rely on my daughter, or cause her trouble." Auntie Shan seemed dignified as she said that all of her activities and friends are in Luoyang, if she were to go to America, she wouldn't be able to speak the language, no one would know her, it would be very boring. Her daughter has to work, she has her own daughter to look after, going there would only make her daughter's life harder. "Here, my monthly pension is more than I can spend, in America, I wouldn't have enough money to spend!"
"Wǒ bù xiǎng yīlài nǚ'ér, gěi tā tiān máfan ." Shuō dào zhèlǐ, Shàn dàmā de biǎoqíng xiǎnchū jǐfēn níngzhòng, tā shuō, zìjǐ de dānwèi hé péngyou dōu zài Luòyáng, rú guǒ qùle Měiguó, yǔyán bùtōng, shuí yě bú rènshí, kěndìng hěn wúliáo, nǚ'ér yào shàngbān, hái yào zhàogù háizi, qùle zhǐ huì tiānmáfan... Zài zhèlǐ, wǒ měi yuè de tuìxiūjīn huā bùwán, dàole Měiguó, nà diǎn qián jiù búgòu huā lou!"
Apart from not wanting to rely on her daughter, 80-year-old Auntie Shan doesn't want to have to depend on anyone. Doing her own laundry and washing her own hair are part of her everyday life, she does her best not to have anyone help her. When the weather is nice, she pushes her wheelchair and goes shopping at the local market.
Chúle bù xiǎng yīlài nǚ'ér, 80 suì de Shàn dàmā yě bù xiǎng yīlài rènhé rén. Mùqián, xǐ yīfu, xǐ tóufa děng rì háng shēnghuó Shàn dàmā dōu zìjǐ zuò, jǐnliàng búyào biérén bāngmáng. Tiānqì hǎo de shíhou, tā hái tuīzhe lúnyǐ, dào fùjìn de chāoshì gòuwù.
Source: 《新华网》2011-10/25 "养老院老人吃喝不愁 等儿女看望成最大精神支撑" online
Students warm themselves by running around
学生要靠跑步取暖 Xuésheng yào kào pǎobù qụ̌nuǎn
Yesterday, the weather reports indicated that the temperature in Xi'an was between 35 and 40 degrees farenheit. Mingxin Elementary School has units to heat the rooms, and although the rule is that when the temperatures are below 40 degrees the heating can be turned on, in many of the classrooms it hasn't been turned on. The children are treated differently, though, because in many of the offices for the teachers, the heating is up and working.
Zuórì, tiānqì yùbào xiǎnshì, Xī'ān qìwēn wèi 2℃ zhì 5℃. Zài kào kōngtiáo qụ̌nuǎn de Míng Xīn xiǎoxué lǐ, suīrán xuéxiào yǒu guīdìng, qìwēn dīyú 5℃ jiù néng kāi kōngtiáo, dàn dàduōshù jiàoshì de kōngtiáo bìng méiyǒu dǎkāi. Yǔ xuéshengmen dàiyù bùtóng de shì, duō jiān jiàoshī bàngōngshì de kōngtiáo dōu zài yùnzhuǎn.
[Cartoon: Classroom freezing, teacher's office nice and toasty]
Recently, a citizen named Wang informed our newspaper that his child is attending school at Mingxin Elementary, in the Xizhakou neighborhood, and because the school has no central heating, the students have to rely on the heating units. But each year, the heating units can be turned on only after December 10th, so the beginning of winter is when the children suffer the most.
Jìnlái, shìmín Wáng xiānsheng xiàng běnbào fǎnyìng, zìjǐ de háizi zài Xīzhákǒu fùjìn de Míng Xīn xiǎoxué shàngxué, yóuyú xuéxiào méiyǒu jízhōng gōngnuǎn, xuésheng dōngjì qụ̌nuǎn zhǐnéng kào kōngtiáo. Dànshì kōngtiáo zhǐshì zài měi nián 12 yuè zhōngxún cái huì kāiqǐ, suọ̌yǐ měi nián rùdōng shí, shì háizi zuì zāozuì de shíhou.
Yesterday morning at 7:40, the reporter arrived at Mingxin Elementary, and at the entrance to the school, the reporter watched many parents leaving their children at school, and then interviewed a few of the children. "How are your classrooms heated in winter?" "There is a heating unit, but it hasn't been turned on. A few days ago, after class we went outside and ran around a little and then didn't feel cold, but in the past few days, the classroom has been really cold, running around hasn't helped," several students told the reporter.
Zuórì shàngwǔ 7 shí 40 fēn, jìzhě láidào Míng Xīn xiǎoxué, zàixiào ménkǒu jìzhě kàndào, cǐshí bùshǎo jiāzhǎng zhèng lùxù sòng háizi dào xiào, jìzhě suíjí cạ̌ifǎngle jǐ míng xuésheng. "Nǐmen jiàoshì dōngtiān yòng shénme qụ̌nuǎn?" "Yǒu kòngtiáo, dànshì méi kāi. Qiánjǐtiān wǒmen xiàkè chūqu pǎo jǐ quān jiù bù lěng le, buguò zhè jǐ tiān jiàoshì lǐ tèbié lěng, pǎobù dōu méiyòng," jǐ míng xiǎoxuéshēng gàosu jìzhě.
At 8 a.m., as the reporter entered the school grounds, a guard at the gate told the reporter that the school relies on heating units for heating, and all the units now were turned on. Outside the building, the reporter saw that the doors to many of the classrooms were wide open and students were coming and going. Behind the school building, on the outside walls, for each classroom there were two heating units, but none was operating.
Shàngwǔ 8 shí xǔ, jìzhě jìnrù xuéxiào, ménwèi gàosu jìzhě, xuéxiào shì kào kōngtiáo qụ̌nuǎn, xiànzài kōngtiáo dōu yǐjing dǎkāi. Jìzhě zài jiàoxué lóuxià kàndào, dàbùfen jiàoshì dàmén chǎngzhe, yī̠xiē xuésheng jìnjìnchūchū. Zài jiàoxué lóu lóu bèimiàn, měi ge jiàoshì wài qiáng shàng dōu xuánguà le 2 tái kōngtiáo zhǔjī, ér zhèxiē kōngtiáo zhǔjī dàdōu méiyǒu yùnzhuǎn.
Going up to the building's second floor, where there are six classrooms in total, the reporter went around to each one, and found that only two of them had the heating turned on. In one of the classrooms where there was no heating, the reporter saw several students in the room wearing gloves and playing around. But, in several of the offices for teachers, the reporter discovered that the LED screen on the heating unit indicated that the room temperature was 85 degrees.
Zǒushàng jiàoxué lóu èr céng, zhèlǐ yị̄gòng yǒu 6 jiān jiàoshì, jìzhě ràozhe jiàoshì zǒule yī quān, fāxiàn zhị̌yǒu liǎng jiān jiàoshì kōngtiáo shì dǎkāi de. Zài yī jiān méiyǒu kāi kōngtiáo de jiàoshì nèi jìzhě kàndào, yī̠xiē xuésheng dàizhe shǒutào zài shìnèi wánshuǎ. Rán'ér, zài jǐ jiān lǎoshī bàngōngshì nèi, jìzhě què fāxiàn, kōngtiáo shàng de yèjīng píng xiǎnshì wēndù shì 30℃.
School authorities say that if the students feel cold, they can turn on the heat.
校方称学生感觉冷就可开空调 Xiàofāng chēng xuésheng gǎnjué lěng jiù kě kāi kōngtiáo
When the weather is this cold, why are most of the heating units in the classrooms only there for decoration? The school's principal, Sun Airong, said that there are two reasons why the heating has not been turned on: One is that the rule is, when the temperature is below 35 degrees, the heat can be turned on, and since the arrival of winter, temperatures consistently have been above that level. The other reason is that, although it seems today's temperatures would allow the heating to be turned on, some of the students don't want it on. The reason is that the ventilation system isn't good, and it's easy to be infected and fall ill.
Zhème lěng de tiānqì, wèishénme dàduō bānjí kōngtiáo chéngle bǎishe? Míng Xīn xiǎoxué xiàozhǎng Sūn Àiróng shuō, jiàoshì bù kāi kōngtiáo yǒu liǎng gè yuányīn: yī shì xuéxiào guīdìng zhị̌yǒu jiàoshì wēndù dīyú 5℃, gè bānjí cáinéng bǎ kōngtiáo dǎkāi. Rùdōng yǐlái, qìwēn yī̠zhí gāoyú zhège zhí, suọ̌yǐ jiù yī̠zhí méi kāi. Lìngyī ge yuányīn shì, xiàng jīntiān de wēndù suīrán kẹ̌yǐ kāi kōngtiáo, dàn yī̠xiē xuésheng háishi bù yuàn yì kāi kōngtiáo. Yīnwèi kōngtiáo tōngfēng bù hǎo, róngyì chuánrǎn jíbìng.
About whether there are rules for heating the offices for the teachers, Sun Airon replied that, taking into consideration the need for teachers to do their jobs, their rooms don't fall under this rule.
Zhìyú lǎoshī bàngōngshì kāi kōngtiáo shì-fǒu yẹ̌yǒu zhèyàng de guīdìng, Sūn Àiróng huídá shuō, yīnwèi kǎolǜ dào lǎoshī bàngōng xūyào, suọ̌yǐ bàngōngshì kōngtiáo kāiguān shíjiān bụ̀zài zhège guīdìng fànwéi nèi.
Three hours after the reporter finished the interview and left the school, Sun Airong called to tell the reporter that from November 15, when public heating was turned on in the city, the school had already arranged for someone to come and check the heating units. Now all the units freely can be turned on or off, the teachers can turn them on, or designated students can turn them on. "As of now, all the units are working normally, even if the teacher isn't there, if the students feel cold, they can turn it on," said Sun Airon.
Jìzhě cạ̌ifǎng líkāi xuéxiàoguo le 3 ge xiǎoshí hòu, Sūn Àiróng xiàozhǎng dǎ lái diànhuà gàosu jìzhě, cóng 11 yuè 15 rì shì jízhōng gōngnuǎn kāishǐ, xuéxiào jiù yǐjing pài rén jiǎncháguo kōngtiáo. Rújīn bānjí kōngtiáo kāiguān zìyóu, jì kẹ̌yǐ yóu shàngkè lǎoshī dǎkāi, yě kěyǐ yóu zhǐdìng de xuésheng dǎkāi. "Xiànzài měi ge bānjí de kōngtiáo dōu néng zhèngcháng yùnxíng, jíshǐ lǎoshī bụ̀zài, zhǐyào xuésheng gǎnjué dào lěng dōu kẹ̌yǐ dǎkāi," Sūn xiàozhǎng shuō.
Source: 《西安晚报》 2011-12-08: "西安一所小学学生要靠跑步取暖 老师办公室30℃" online
A soldier's pledge 兵之誓言
A veteran recounts how he and his war buddies took a pledge by tattooing their names on their arms ...
[0:00-0:20] Reporter: A veteran, now more than 80 years old, began searching more than half a century ago for the remains of his fallen war buddies, and has spent thirty years erecting a memorial for them ... He built a shack for himself next to it, and has never left ... And this is because, 70 years ago, nine young men took a pledge by tattooing their arms ...
[0:20-0:57] Veteran: You see, on my arm, my name is Ou Xingtian ... Reporter: But that was so many years ago, how did you pierce your arm? ... Veteran: At the time, we used an ink brush, and we used black ink to write with, and after we wrote, we used a needle to pierce again and again, once you began piercing, the blood would flow, the ink would pour in and couldn't come out, it was in there ... Reporter: You pricked yourself? Veteran: Yes, I did it myself ... Reporter: How could you stab your flesh like that? ... Veteran: But I don't remember any pain ... Reporter: You didn't have any impression of pain? ... Veteran: At that time, no, no impression of pain at all ...
[0:57-end] Reporter: His name is Ou Xingtian, on his arm he carved his own name, he was 14 years old, and this was a pledge he took with eight of his classmates ...
Source: CCTV-1 《看见》 2011-12/11: "一个为战友守陵的老兵" [online at YouTube]
忠义之门 Zhōngyì zhī mén
In Changchun, there's a small restaurant that has banners decorating the doorway with couplets that read, "If you are not patriotic, you can't come in" and "If you don't respect your parents, you can't come in," and these have become a hot topic among citizens.
Zài Chángchūn yījiā xiǎochīdiàn ménkǒu chūle yī fú duìlián, xiězhe “bù àiguó” “bụ̀xiào fùmǔ” zhě jìn rù, yị̌nqǐ shìmín rè yì.
[Photo: A citizen entering the small restaurant
市民进入小吃店 Shìmín jìnrù xiǎochīdiàn]
This restaurant is in the neighborhood of Changchun's Pingyang Street, and if it weren't for the couplets reading "If you are not patriotic, you can't come in" and "If you don't respect your parents, you can't come in," there would not be much difference between this small restaurant and many others. The couplets are made of stainless steel, and in the sunlight are slightly dazzling.
Zhè jiā xiǎochīdiàn wèiyú Chángchūn shì Píngyáng jiē fùjìn, rúguǒ bụ̀ shì yǒu zhè fù “bù ài zǔguó zhě jìn rù”, “bụ̀xiào fùmǔ zhě jìn rù” de duìlián, tā hé bié de xiǎochīdiàn bìng méiyǒu shénme liǎngyàng. Zhè fù duìlián shǐyòng bụ̀xiùgāng zhìchéng de, zài yángguāng de zhàoyào xià, wēiwēi huàng guāng.
The restaurant owner's name is Zhao Zilong; he calls his place "Loyalty's Doorway". He says his goal in hanging these banners is constantly to encourage himself to be patriotic and to respect his parents. "These are the foundations for how to conduct oneself, if you don't respect your parents, nothing else matters," Zhao Zilong says. He put the couplets up about five years ago; at first they were self-adhesive, now they are made of stainless steel.
Xiǎochīdiàn de lạ̌obǎn míngjiào Zhào Zǐlóng, tā chēng zìjǐ de diàn mén jiào “Zhōngyì zhī mén”. Tā shuō, guàshang zhè fú duìlián de mùdì shì wèile shíkè biāncè zìjǐ yào rè'ài zǔguó, xiàojìng fùmǔ. “Zhè shì zuòrén de jīchǔ, rúguǒ lián zìjǐ de fùmǔ dōu bùnéng hǎohāo xiàojìng, zuò qítā shìqing dōu shì méiyǒu yìyì de.” Zhào zǐ lóng shuō. Tā zài wǔ niánqián guàqǐle zhè fù duìlián, yuánlái shì yòng bù gàn jiāozuò de, hòulái lǎohuà le, xiànzài gǎiyòng bụ̀xiùgāng le.
At lunchtime, the little restaurant is very busy, and many of the customers know the owner. They say Zhao Zilong is a very warm person and often after people eat there, they make friends with him.
Wǔfàn shífèn, xiǎodiàn de shēngyi fēicháng hónghuo, lái de kèren dàduō hé lạ̌obǎn shúxī. Tāmen shuō, Zhào Zǐlóng rén hěn rèqíng, jīngcháng lái chīfàn, jiù he tā jiāoshàngle péngyou.
But there also are a few customers who think these couplets make it hard to avoid suspicions of marketing hype.
Buguò yẹ̌ yǒu gùkè biǎoshì, guàqǐ zhè fù duìlián, nánmiǎn yǒu chǎozuò zhī xián.
Source: 《京华网》2011-12-10: "小吃店挂对联'不爱国不孝父母'者禁入" online
Where's the compensation?
赔偿在哪里? Péicháng zài nạ̌li?
In Jiangxi's Dexing city, Jiangxi Copper Mining Group and subsidiary companies for many years have been discharging pollution into the Le'an River, endangering the lives of one hundred thousand people who live downstream. Facing questions from the people, the companies that are polluting rely on a 20-year-old ruling that set the standard amount for compensation which, if distributed across all the people who have been harmed, wouldn't amount to even one yuan [about 15 cents].
Zài Jiāngxī Déxìng shì, Jiāngxī Tóngyè Jítuán xiàshǔ de duō jiā kuàngshān qǐyè, duō nián jiāng gōngyè fèishuǐ pái rù Lè'ān Hé, huòjí xiàyóu shù shíwàn qúnzhòng. Miànduì qúnzhòng zhìyí, páiwū qǐyè réng yījù 20 niánqián yị̄cì diàochá jiélùn de biāozhǔn péicháng, tān dào shòuhài qúnzhòng shǒushang, rénjūn bùzú yīyuán.
[Photo: Deng Guilian, who lives in Leping city, Mingkou town, Dai village, bitterly tells the medical history of her 11-year-old son, who suffers from blood in the urine, which he got from drinking polluted river water
乐平市名口镇戴村村民邓桂莲拿出病历痛诉11岁的儿子因喝了受污染的水患“肾小球性血尿”的情况 Lèpíng shì Míngkǒuzhèn Dàicūn cūnmín Dèng Guìlián náchū bìnglì tòngsù 11 suì de érzi yīn hēle shòu wūrǎn de shuǐ huàn “shènxiǎoqiú xìng xiěniào” de qíngkuàng]
A hundred thousand people have suffered because of the polluted Le'an River, but the companies that are polluting and the environmental protection bureau all say the same thing, the most serious pollution has to be blamed on "history." The reason is, as early as the Tang and Song dynasties (600 - 1100), Dexing city had a history of mining copper, so the main pollution is from the historical waste produced in the mining areas, and modern businesses should not be held responsible for the past.
Shù shíwàn qúnzhòng shēnshòu Lè'ān Hé wūrǎn zhī kǔ, dàn dāngdì kuàngshān qǐyè hé huán-bǎo bùmén què yìkǒutóngshēng, jiāng zhǔyào zérèn tuī dào “lìshǐ” tóushàng. Lǐyóu shì: dé xìng zǎo zài Táng Sòng niánjiān jiù yǒu cǎi tóng lìshǐ, wūrǎn zhǔyào shì yóuyú lìdài fèiqì de cǎi kuàngqū chǎnshēng de, xiàndài qǐyè bùyīng dài lìshǐ shòuguò.
As the mining companies have continued to expand, the harm from pollution in Leping city downstream affects 9 city-townships and about 420,000 people. In Leping city, Mingkou town, Dai village, a resident told the reporter, because the upstream pollution has been very heavy, Dai village is called "Oil City," and there are more than 450 acres of land that cannot be farmed. In the past twenty years, not a single person has passed the physical exam for entrance into the military, and more than 70 people suffer from cancer.
Suízhe shàngshì gōngsī Jiāngxī Tóngyè xiàshǔ de dé xìng tóngkuàng děng kuàngshān qǐyè bụ̀duàn kuòzhāng, xiàyóu de Lèpíng shì shēnshòu wūrǎn zhī hài, shèjí 9 ge xiāng-zhèn yuē 42 wàn rén. Zài Lèpíng shì míng kǒu zhèn dài cūn, cūnmín gàosu jìzhě, yóuyú Lè'ān Hé shàngyóu duō nián lái wūrǎn yánzhòng, sùyǒu “yóuliào cūn” zhī chēng de Dàicūn yǐ yǒu 2800 duō mǔ de wúfǎ gēngzhòng, jìn 20 niánlái quáncūn méiyǒu yī rén tōngguò zhēngbīng tị̌jiǎn, jǐn áizhèng huànzhě jiù yǒu 70 duōmíng.
This past April, Dexing city, Xiangtun town, Wuxing village found there were ten children with lead in their blood that exceeded standard levels. The people from that village believe that the copper and lead mining companies that have been built right next to the village have brought about this disaster. Zhou Huaxiu, a villager, said the factories discharge smoke and dust that contain lead, and when it rains, the land is stained yellow. The mining company in the village neighboring Dexing city, Sizhou town, discharges polluted waste water. Zhang Chunying, a resident, said: "Because of the pollution, when people hear that vegetables have been grown in that area, no one in the market will buy them."
Jīnnián 4 yuè, Déxìng shì Xiāngtúnzhèn Wǔxīngcūn cháchū shù shí míng értóng xuè qiān chāobiāo. Dāngdì cūnmín rènwéi, dōu shì lín cūn ér jiàn de Jiāngxī Tóngyè Jítuán xiàshǔ qǐyè jīn dé qiān yè gōngsī “rě de huò”. Cūnmín Zhōu Huāxiù shuō, chǎng lǐ páichū de yānchén lǐ yǒu qiān, pèngdào xiàyǔtiān, rǎn de dìmiàn dōu shì huáng de. Déxìng shì Sìzhōuzhèn xiàjiā fàn cūn jǐnlín dé xìng tóngkuàng liúchū de shuǐqú. Cūnmín Zhāng Chūnyīng shuō: “Yīnwèi wūrǎn, yī tīngshuō shì xiàjiā pàn cūn zhǒng de cài, shìchǎng shàng méi rén gǎn yào.”
Even so, given the huge amount of damage the pollution has caused, the companies that are polluting are offering compensation of a trifling 180,000 yuan [$30,000.00] based on the results of an investigation done 20 years ago. Because the compensation is so low, some of the citizens are extremely angry, and have said they "don't understand." And even if there were compensation, those who have been harmed "would never take it." Cai Qingfu, the assistant director of the environmental protection bureau, explained: "With regard to Leping city, the pollution has affected more than 400,000 people, so if the 180,000 yuan were paid, each person on average would receive less than one yuan."
Rán'ér, yǔ wūrǎn zàochéng de jùdà sǔnshī xiāngbǐ, páiwū qǐyè jị̌nyǒu de péicháng, yījù de jìngshì 20 niánqián de yị̄cì diàochá jiéguǒ, zhị̌yǒu qūqū 18 wàn yú yuán. Yóuyú péicháng fēicháng dī, yī̠xiē qúnzhòng yuànqì jiàodà, biǎoshì “hěn bù lị̌jiě”. Jíbiàn zhè diǎn péichángjīn, shòuhài qúnzhòng dàdōu fǎnyìng “cóngwèi lǐngdào”. Duì cǐ, Lèpíng shì huánbǎojú fù júzhǎng Cài Qìngfú jiěshì shuō: “Duìyú Lèpíng shì shòu wūrǎn yị̌ngxiǎng de 40 duō wàn rén lái shuō, 18 wàn yuán péicháng kuǎn rúguǒ fā xiàqu, rénjūn hái bụ̀dào 1 kuài qián.”
But, what the local environmental protection bureau and those responsible at the mining companies say are not the same thing. The director of Dexing city's environmental protection bureau, Pan Bing, said: "The most important reason for the pollution is the 'original souce of waste water' in ancient and abandoned mining canals."
Rán'ér, dāngdì huán-bǎo bùmén hé kuàng qǐ yǒuguān fùzérén quèyòu shuōfa bùyī. Déxìng tóngkuàng huán-bǎo bù zhǔrèn Pān Bīng shuō, “Zàochéng wūrǎn de yuányīn zhǔyào shì gǔdài yíqì de cǎikuàng tōngdào xíngchéng de ‘lǎo lóng fèishuǐ’."
In recent years, Dexing copper mining investment in environmental protection has exceeded 200 million yuan, and now completely handles the discharge of waste waters, and there is no possibility of pollution in the area, and the quality of the middle and lower reaches of the Le'an River water already has undergone tremendous improvement. About this, Leping city's environmental protection bureau's chief, Huang Lin, affirmed that the surface water tests normal.
"Jìn jǐ nián Déxìng tóngkuàng de huán-bǎo tóurù yǐ chāoguò 2 yì yuán, wánquán shíxiànle wūshuǐ chǔlǐ dábiāo páifàng, bù kěnéng chūxiàn wūshuǐ wài pái xiànxiàng, Lè'ān Hé zhōng-xiàyóu de shuǐzhì yǐjing dédào hěn dà gǎishàn. Duìyú zhè yī shuōfa, Lèpíng shì huán-bǎo júzhǎng huáng lín jị̌yǔ kěndìng, lǐyóu shì mùqián dìbiǎoshuǐ jiāncè zhèngcháng.
But when the reporter challenged this assertion, the head of Leping city environmental monitoring station, Tang Jianjun, said that frankly the worst pollution is from heavy metals in the soil, and due to a lack of equipment, Leping city's environmental bureau has never tested this. He believes that if the quality of the water surface alone is tested, there's no way to measure whether the heavy metals exceed standards.
Dàn miànduì jìzhě zhìyí, Lèpíng shì huánjìng jiāncè zhàn zhànzhǎng Táng Jiànjūn tǎnyán, zhòngjīnshǔ wūrǎn wēihài zuìdà de shì tụ̌rǎng, yóuyú quēfá shèbèi, Lèpíng shì huán-bǎo bùmén cóngwèi zuòguo zhè yī jiǎncè. Tā chéngrèn, jǐn kào dìbiǎoshuǐ jiāncè, gēnběn méifǎ cèchū zhòngjīnshǔ shì-fǒu chāobiāo.
Source: 《每经网综合报道》 "江铜被曝污染数十万人 环保局称责任在唐朝" online
Blind Chinese Folk Singer Zhou Yunpeng interviewed; performs Hai Zi's "September"
First clip is part of a recent interview with CCTV1; the second clip is the opening few minutes of Zhou Yunpeng's performance of Hai Zi's poem):
[0:00 - 0:15] Reporter: You are unable to see, how is it that you are on trains traveling from place to place? Zhou Yunpeng: After I went blind, I had an even greater thirst for travel, this gives my body endless exercise, and I get a little news from the outside world, experience new things ...
[0:15 - 0:48] Reporter: People who don't get it might say: When you arrive in a city, what new things you experience are you able to talk about, for example, you don't have any visual stimulus ... Zhou Yunpeng: But there are ... at the very least I'm on a new road, when I come to a new city, the name of the road is different from others, the way people speak, those are all new things -- this is the Qiantang River, I guess -- Reporter: How did you know? -- Zhou Yunpeng: We're crossing a bridge ... I can tell from the sound ... There's a kind of hollowness, an emptiness ...
[0:48 - end] Reporter: From 1995, when he went to Beijing, to 2004, before he published his first music, for those ten years, according to his own account Zhou Yunpeng was penniless and wandered about living a vagrant's life ... Reporter: When you were ill, didn't you have anyone to rely on? ... Zhou Yunpeng: Falling ill ... I didn't get sick all that much .... Isn't it true that if you don't want to give yourself an excuse or a reason to fall ill, it's really hard to fall ill ... It's not sudden anxiety but a kind of continual feeling of being ill at ease ... The feeling of being an underground river ... Reporter: Back then, his friend "Desert Boat" wrote about what Zhou Yunpeng's life was like ... He was drunk and sitting on the ice-cold concrete ground, he didn't want come into the room, he was banging his blindman's cane on the ground... Zhou Yunping: I think the first thirty years of my life were really stressful ...
Source: For the interview with CCTV-1 [YouTube]
Source: For Zhou Yunpeng's full performance of Hai Zi's "September" [YouTube]
* * *
Background for Zhou Yunpeng
Born in 1970, in Liaoning (Shenyang), Mainland Chinese folk singer and poet; in his early childhood, an eye disease led to total blindness at the age of nine. He attended schools for the blind; in 1994, he graduated from Changchun University with a major in Chinese. In 2005, his musical career began to take off, in 2007 he released "Chinese Children" (《中国孩子》"Zhōngguó háizi"), featuring sad and sentimental songs about children lost in natural disasters in China.
Background for Hai Zi
[From the Wiki] Hai Zi (Chinese:海子, March 1964 - 26 March 1989) is the pen name of the Chinese poet Zha Haisheng (Chinese:查海生). He was one of the most famous poets in Mainland China after the Cultural Revolution. He committed suicide by lying on the path of a train at the age of 25.
Don't offend the teacher
A kindergarten teacher is getting married, and surprisingly gives an invitation to each child in the class. On the afternoon of December 3, someone posted on the web that this happened to her colleague. After the post was published, people on the internet unanimously denounced the teacher as "obsessed with money." But in this situation, many parents are forced to keep their opinions to themselves; having conducted interviews randomly among a number of parents of schoolchildren, the reporter unexpectedly discovered that all the responses were the same: The kindergarten teacher is not to be offended.
Yòu'éryuán lǎoshī jiéhūn, jìngrán gěi quánbān háizi fā qị̌ngtiě. 12 yuè 3 rì shàngwǔ, yī̠ míng wǎngyǒu zài wǎngluò shàng fābùle tā tóngshì de zāoyù. Tiězi yīfā chūlai, wǎngyǒu men zhòngkǒuyīcí, shēngtǎo zhè wèi lǎoshī “xiǎng qián xiǎng fēng le”. Dàn zhēnduì cǐshì, duōshù jiāzhǎng què gǎn nù bù gǎn yán, jìzhě suíjī cạ̌ifǎngle jǐ wèi yòu'éryuán xuésheng jiāzhǎng, dédào de dá'àn jūrán hěn yị̄zhì: yòu'éryuán lǎoshī dézui bùqǐ.
[Cartoon: An invitation 请帖 Qị̌ngtiě]
Kindergarten teachers are not paid a lot and aren't highly valued, but there's a consensus among parents that the teachers are not to be offended. Actually, behind the ordinary work of being a kindergarten teacher, everyone understands there is this "hidden rule": And who is brave enough to risk destroying a child's life by offending the teacher?
Yòu'éryuán lǎoshī fēi quán fēi guì, jiāzhǎng què duì qí yǒuzhe “dézui bùqǐ” de gòngshí. Jiū qí yuányīn, zàiyú yòu'éryuán lǎoshī zhè yī píngfán zhíyè de bèihòu, yùnzuòzhe dàjiā xīnzhàobùxuān de “qián guīzé”: shuí yuàn màozhe ràng háizi zāoyāng de fēngxiǎn qù dézui lǎoshī?
Therefore, even if this teacher is "obsessed with money," after discussing the problem of "whether or not to go" among themselves, many parents fear their only choice is to fall in line and pay the money to avoid disaster; they flatly refuse to show even the slightest sign of disrespect. From the parents' point of view, even if they have no personal relationship with the teacher, it's reasonable and customary to have a wedding, and there's the possibility their child will be given extra attention, so how could anyone turn down the invitation? For the teacher, the happy gift is a kind of cover-up: when the money is handed over, everyone can avoid any suspicion of bribery, there's no psychological problem, and it all resembles a kind of polite form of payback. But it is worrisome that as each side echoes the other, the normal conditions for education instantly disappear.
Yúshì, jíbiàn zhè wèi lǎoshī “xiǎng qián xiǎng fēng le”, zhòngduō jiāzhǎng zài “qù bù qù dōu nán” de jiūjié zhīhòu, kǒngpà yě zhǐnéng xuǎnzé suíhángjiùshì, huāqián xiāozāi, ér duànrán bù gǎn yǒu bàndiǎn bụ̀jìng. Duìyú jiāzhǎng lái shuō, jíbiàn zìjǐ yǔ lǎoshī méiyǒu sījiāo, dàn bàn xǐshì còu fènzi běnlái jiù yǒu shìsú yìyìshàng de hélǐ xìng, érqiě hái kěnéng éwài ràng háizi dédào yī̠xiē zhàogu, qǐnéng bù suí? Duìyú lǎoshī lái shuō, yòng bàn xǐshì lái zuò zhēxiūbù, shōuqián shí jiù bìmiǎnle suǒhuì de xiányí, méiyǒule xīnlǐ zhàng'ài, gèng xiàng shì yī chǎng héxié de lǐshàngwǎnglái. Lìngrén dānyōu de shì, zài yị̄chàngyị̄hè zhīzhōng, jiàoyù de zhèngcháng zhuàngtài shùnjiān jiù méile zōngyǐng.
Apparently, the parents pay very little money, and in exchange the child's education is "not discounted." Seems as though it's worth the price, but when giving presents to the teacher is the norm, then that becomes part of the child's normal right to an education, and is a separate personal transaction. When a teacher is in a seller's market, what the children receive can only be a higher cost without any improvement in service, and with no room for bargaining, the parents must accept they've wasted their money.
Cóng biǎomiàn shang kàn, jiāzhǎng huā de zhǐshì xiǎoqián, huàn huíle háizi de shòu jiàoyù “bù dǎzhé”. Kànsì hěn huásuàn, dàn dāng gěi lǎoshī sònglǐ chéngwéi chángtài zhīhòu, biàn yǐjing bǎ běnyīng shǔyú háizimen de zuìjīběn de shòu jiàoyù quán, yìhuà chéngle yī zhǒng jiāohuàn de sīyǒu wù. Zài yǐ lǎoshī wèi zhōngxīn de màifāng shìchǎng lǐ, háizi dédào de zhǐnéng shì jiājià bùjiā liàng de fúwù, háowú tǎojiàhuánjià de yúdì, jiāzhǎng zuìzhōng yě zhǐnéng shì zhào dān quán shōu de yuāndàtóu.
Following this logic, it's not just fear of offending the kindergarten teacher, but also the elementary school teacher, the middle school teacher -- which one can be offended? If one takes this route of paying "protection money," how large will the economic burden be? The real situation is, and the majority of parents "know this well," even if they give the money, the child may not get the extra attention. The wedding invitation is astonishing and leaves one deeply unsatisfied; even so, with this unpleasantness in the background, won't some people just "look at this soberly" [and pay the money]? We should rethink the whole area of education, "an unhappy wedding invitation" is like a bomb, a "demand for money," could it not have harmful consequences for all of society? Whether teacher or parent, everyone should reflect deeply on this.
Zhàocǐ luóji, dézui bùqǐ de kǒngpà bùjǐn jǐnshì yòu'éryuán lǎoshī, xiǎoxué lǎoshī, zhōngxué lǎoshī, nǎ yī gè yòu néng dézui de qǐ ne? Zhè yị̄lù de “bǎohùfèi” jiǎo xiàqu, yòu gāishì duō dà de jīngjì fùdān? Ér xiànshí qíngkuàng shì, jiùsuàn duōshù jiāzhǎng dōu “shēn ān cǐ lǐ”, jiùsuàn sònglǐ sòngdào shọ̌uruǎn, háizi yě wèibì néng dédào éwài zhàogu. Zhè xị̌tiě ràngrén chàyì, gèng ràngrén bụ̀kuài, rán'ér, zài bụ̀kuài de bèihòu, yòu yǒu jǐ rén néng duì cǐ “héngméi lěng duì” ne? Dàn huòxǔ, wǒmen gāi fǎnsī de shàngqiě bụ̀zài jiàoyù lǐngyù, “xị̌tiě bù xǐ” shènzhì biànchéng “zhàdàn”, “cuīkuǎn dān”, shì-fǒu yòu shì shèhuì fēngqì de yī zhǒng bùliáng fàngdà yǔ zhéshè ne? Wúlùn jiāzhǎng háishi lǎoshī, dōu yīngdāng shēnsī.
Source: 《长沙晚报》2011-12/06: "'红色炸弹'不该投向孩子" online
Xiao Feng 小锋 and his friend Liu Libao 刘立宝
This video clip is from a longer segment devoted to Xiao Feng, a little boy whose parents died of AIDS, and who also has this illness ... Here we are introduced to Liu Libao, a 14-year-old boy whose mother has left him to find work in Heilongjiang; the two boys have become friends, and both are missing their parents ...
[0:00 - 0:20] The clip begins with Liu Libao saying that he asked Xiao Feng if he misses his parents, and Xiao Feng says, How could I not miss my parents? Then he teases Xiao Feng for crying, and Xiao Feng says, Who's crying? and hits Liu Libao, and says again, Who's crying? You're crying and I'm also crying (we're making each other cry) ...
[0:20 - 0:51] In the next segment, the two boys are shown playing together, they have an air rifle and are shooting at a plastic bottle that contains Xiao Feng's medicine ... The reporter says that the two boys met last summer, Liu Libao's mother had gone to Heilongjiang to find work, and Liu Libao feels very badly about that ... But he knows that Xiao Feng can never see his parents again, so he thinks he can totally understand Xiao Feng ...
[0:51 - 1:46] The scene shifts to the place where Xiao Feng and Liu Libao met -- a public square where the grown-ups get together to dance ... The reporter says that Liu Libao noticed there were people dancing, and he wanted to learn, and Xiao Feng, who was his age, generously grabbed him and started gesturing, and so Xiao Feng and Liu Libao became the best of friends, and sometimes, when Liu Libao saw Xiao Feng having fun with other friends, he'd get a little angry, and from Xiao Feng's point of view, not only was Liu Libao a dance partner, but he was willing to talk from the heart ...
[1:46 - 2:01] The reporter returns to interviewing Liu Libao, who says that once when he and Xiao Feng were lying together on some hay and chatting, Xiao Feng said to him, Why didn't my mother strangle me when I was little, why did she let me grow up and suffer so much? And Liu Libao says he told Xiao Feng, How could that be? If your mother had strangled you, we would never have become friends, how can you be so cold-hearted?...
[2:01 - end] In the last scene of this clip, Liu Libao is at Xiao Feng's house, they are playing a hand-slapping game, and Xiao Feng's granduncle comes by and tells Liu Libao to go home, because he mistakenly believes that Liu Libao is bullying Xiao Feng ... Liu Libao says he was about to go, he just wanted to wait a little longer ... The granduncle says, "Go home right away." Then Xiao Feng's grandaunt comes in and says that Liu Libao is her child too ... Your child? says the granduncle ... The grandaunt says, He comes here to play with Xiao Feng, how could he not be part of our family? Then she says to the old man: You don't want him here, but I want him here ...
Source： CCTV-[看见～周末版] 2011.12.4 围坐在他身旁